Acts 18:1-18a

After this, Paul left Athens and went to Corinth. There he met a Jew named Aquila, a native of Pontus, who had recently come from Italy with his wife Priscilla, because Claudius had ordered all Jews to leave Rome. Paul went to see them, and because he was a tentmaker as they were, he stayed and worked with them. Every Sabbath he reasoned in the synagogue, trying to persuade Jews and Greeks.

When Silas and Timothy came from Macedonia, Paul devoted himself exclusively to preaching, testifying to the Jews that Jesus was the Messiah. But when they opposed Paul and became abusive, he shook out his clothes in protest and said to them, “Your blood be on your own heads! I am innocent of it. From now on I will go to the Gentiles.”

Then Paul left the synagogue and went next door to the house of Titius Justus, a worshiper of God.Crispus, the synagogue leader, and his entire household believed in the Lord; and many of the Corinthians who heard Paul believed and were baptized.

One night the Lord spoke to Paul in a vision: “Do not be afraid; keep on speaking, do not be silent.10 For I am with you, and no one is going to attack and harm you, because I have many people in this city.” 11 So Paul stayed in Corinth for a year and a half, teaching them the word of God.

12 While Gallio was proconsul of Achaia, the Jews of Corinth made a united attack on Paul and brought him to the place of judgment. 13 “This man,” they charged, “is persuading the people to worship God in ways contrary to the law.”

14 Just as Paul was about to speak, Gallio said to them, “If you Jews were making a complaint about some misdemeanor or serious crime, it would be reasonable for me to listen to you. 15 But since it involves questions about words and names and your own law—settle the matter yourselves. I will not be a judge of such things.” 16 So he drove them off. 17 Then the crowd there turned on Sosthenes the synagogue leader and beat him in front of the proconsul; and Gallio showed no concern whatever.

18 Paul stayed on in Corinth for some time. Then he left the brothers and sisters and sailed for Syria,accompanied by Priscilla and Aquila.

The place of judgment in worldly terms is before a judge. In England they call it “the dock.” We call it the bench in the USA. It is a location, however, that has great and consequential implications. As we see the place in Corinth at which Paul stood we might recall how Paul remained faithful in the face of false accusation. We may be impressed and thankful that Paul stood strong for the Gospel when threatened. We may regret and shake our heads at the sad reality that people actively oppose the Gospel message. But we must surely be thankful that when we face the great Last Day – before the ultimate place of judgment, through faith in Jesus we will hear words of acquittal. The reality of God’s love will fill our hearts and minds for all eternity.

I Samuel 1:16-18

Do not regard your servant as a worthless woman, for all along I have been speaking out of my great anxiety and vexation.” Then Eli answered, “Go in peace, and the God of Israel grant your petition that you have made to him.” And she said, “Let your servant find favor in your eyes.” Then the woman went her way and ate, and her face was no longer sad.


Hannah’s heart was broken both by means of the failure to conceive a child as well as by the ugly treatment of Elkanah’s other wife and Eli’s poor estimation of her. When confronted by Eli her response showed the difference between brokenness and resentment. Both spring from the same well; both spring from pain.
Brokenness, however, is a much different response than resentment or cynicism. Brokenness opens our hearts to God’s love. It allows us to pray with a searching heart. It places us in a position to receive God’s grace. Cynicism requires proof. Resentment requires repayment. Brokenness allows love to heal.
When Hannah answers Eli, she is speaking out of brokenness. Eli’s answer offers her hope, and something wonderful occurs. Hannah’s attitude changes as soon as she hears Eli’s answer.

Prayer from a broken heart, spoken in faith, allows God’s grace to speak. In Hannah’s attitude changes before her circumstances change. This is a lesson for me. It be a lesson for others as well.

1 Samuel 1:12-18

As she continued praying before the Lord, Eli observed her mouth. 13 Hannah was speaking in her heart; only her lips moved, and her voice was not heard. Therefore Eli took her to be a drunken woman. 14 And Eli said to her, “How long will you go on being drunk? Put your wine away from you.”15 But Hannah answered, “No, my lord, I am a woman troubled in spirit. I have drunk neither wine nor strong drink, but I have been pouring out my soul before the Lord. 16 Do not regard your servant as a worthless woman, for all along I have been speaking out of my great anxiety and vexation.” 17 Then Eli answered, “Go in peace, and the God of Israel grant your petition that you have made to him.” 18 And she said, “Let your servant find favor in your eyes.” Then the woman went her way and ate, and her face was no longer sad.

Painted Church  near Schulenburg, Texas

Painted Church near Schulenburg, Texas

Perhaps you have poured out your heart to God like Hannah did on this occasion. She was a woman “troubled in spirit” speaking out of her “great anxiety.” She desired to have a child. She spoke only in her heart, without sound, but with moving lips. Eli thought she was drunk. He thought she was blaspheming. This leads me to realize that some people don’t understand us when we pray. They don’t understand our motives. They don’t understand our situation. They don’t understand our practice.

If you bow your head before you eat your lunch, it might be awkward for you and your co-workers. If you breathe a little prayer before you take an important test, those around you might not understand. If you spend time in prayer even in your home your own family may not understand. Even Eil, the priest, didn’t understand that Hannah was praying.

But here’s the good news: God understands. He not only understands, he listens and promises to answer our prayers. In the case of Hannah, her prayers will be answered and she will have a son. That, however, is a whole other story. For now, I am thankful that God understands my prayers, hears me, and answers me when I call.

Galatians 6:14

May I never boast except in the cross of my Lord Jesus Christ.

The cross is sometimes a piece of jewelry, sometimes a grave marker, and sometimes a deeply meaningful religious symbol. But in ancient times the cross was an instrument of execution, a cruel and horrific instrument of torture. Crucifixion was an ancient form of execution in which a person was either tied or nailed to a wooden cross and left to hang there until dead. Death would be slow and excruciatingly painful.

In Christianity the cross is the intersection of God’s love and his justice. Christians believe, teach and confess that Jesus of Nazareth was without sin before God and man. But the religious leaders of his day were so offended and threatened by him and his teaching that they conspired with the Roman governing authorities to have Jesus killed by crucifixion. God even withdrew his presence from Jesus while on the cross. We believe, however, that this instrument of torture became a means of salvation. For Jesus’ sake God forgives the sin of the world so that, “whoever believes in him will not perish, but have eternal life.” Because of Jesus’ resurrection from the grave, the instrument of death has become a symbol of salvation and life.

For that reason many churches have crosses that adorn their buildings, altars, liturgical vestments and walls. Whether with the corpus (a “crucifix”), or without, the cross in the Christian faith is central to what we believe.

There are crosses all across the campus of St. John Lutheran Church in Cypress, Texas. Even though I serve as pastor there, I easily overlook many of them. In fact since going public with this portfolio project I have had suggestions from various members for photos of crosses that I missed.

I hope the viewer experiences the various forms, colors, iterations, adornments, and placements of the cross by means of this portfolio, and reflects on its meaning for him or her.

Joshua 6:2-5

Then the Lord said to Joshua, “See, I have delivered Jericho into your hands, along with its king and its fighting men. March around the city once with all the armed men. Do this for six days. Have seven priests carry trumpets of rams’ horns in front of the ark. On the seventh day, march around the city seven times, with the priests blowing the trumpets. When you hear them sound a long blast on the trumpets, have the whole army give a loud shout; then the wall of the city will collapse and the army will go up, everyone straight in.”

Jericho as it appears in 2012

Jericho as it appeared in 2012

If every battle was as easy as the battle of Jericho, we might be less worried when entering into battle. And while the “Shock and Awe” approach of the first Gulf War made for a decisive victory for the coalition forces to expel Iraqi troops from Kuwait. The shock and awe of the battle of Jericho was a march around the the walls of the city for seven days, culminating in the walls of the city coming down and the army of Israel taking the city.

But Achan’s sin and the follow-up foray into Ai was a debacle. And when Israel did conquer Ai, the battle was not only brutal, but the extreme violence would gain an “R” rating for any film that would accurately portray the events of Joshua’s victory there – as well as other battles and conquests as the children of Israel took the land that God had promised to them.

On the one hand, we must realize that those were dramatically different times. Violence, scheming, and a general lack of stable governments and social justice were the order of the day. In the second place God is doing something very dramatic to establish his chosen people in their land. Israel is becoming a nation. There will be a great price to pay in this conquest – both by Israel’s enemies as well as by Israel itself.

Today our battles are different. We don’t fight against flesh and blood (cf. Ephesians 6:10-12). Some have suggested that – secondary to preparing the way for the Messiah to come into the world – the Old Testament is a giant object lesson on what won’t work. In this case the conquest of the Promised Land, and the establishment of a chosen nation on earth never really worked. Read on through the Old Testament; you will see many examples of failure on the part of God’s chosen people. Their abandonment of the ways of God lead them to become weak and vulnerable to the point that God withdraws his protective hand from time to time and they are even conquered by foreign enemies (the Babylonians and the Assyrians, to name just two).

But the battle is always for the hearts of God’s people. And God wins our hearts by the power of his love and the work of the Holy Spirit. We are called to go to war against every power that would undercut God’s reign in our lives and communities. That will bring a more complete victory than even the battle of Jericho.

Joshua 4:4-7

Joshua called together the twelve men he had appointed from the Israelites, one from each tribe, and said to them, “Go over before the ark of the Lord your God into the middle of the Jordan. Each of you is to take up a stone on his shoulder, according to the number of the tribes of the Israelites, to serve as a sign among you. In the future, when your children ask you, ‘What do these stones mean?’tell them that the flow of the Jordan was cut off before the ark of the covenant of the Lord. When it crossed the Jordan, the waters of the Jordan were cut off. These stones are to be a memorial to the people of Israel forever.”


Part of one of the stone walls at St. John Lutheran Church in Cypress, Texas

I have two bricks in my office. They remind me of the 1.2 million bricks I handled when I worked in a brick factory between college graduation and entering the seminary. They remind me and anyone who lets me tell the story about seven months of hard work, and even served at least on one occasion as an impetus for rededication to the task at hand.

Israel had to cross the Jordan if they were going to enter the Promised Land. That was no small challenge in the days before long-span bridges. Admittedly, this was only the first step in their conquest of the Promised Land. Nonetheless, Joshua sees this is so significant that it should be commemorated with the twelve stone memorial. He realized that God had provided for their safe passage and successful crossing. That was to be memorialized. He looked forward to telling that to his children and grandchildren.

We have 18 stones by our back yard water garden. They remind us of our children and grandchildren. One of those stones is separate from the others in memory of Nici who died of cancer in 2009. They are a reminder of the blessings of God in our lives.  Any job that we complete or any milestone we reach is an occasion to thank God, to remember his faithfulness and goodness in our lives. We look forward to sharing stories with our children and grandchildren about God’s provision, about new births and even lost loved-ones.

Joshua 2:1

Then Joshua son of Nun secretly sent two spies from Shittim. “Go, look over the land,” he said, “especially Jericho.” So they went and entered the house of a prostitute named Rahab and stayed there.

A tour of four painted churches near Schulenburg, Texas yielded these images.

The accounts in Joshua (THE STORY, chapter 7), range from the impressive events surrounding the crossing of the Jordan River, to the dramatic tumbling walls of Jericho, to the conquering of various cities and kings in the Promised Land. The level of violence and brutality recounted in these pages are off-putting for many. Impaling the body of the king of Ai, or completely destroying whole cities doesn’t make for light reading to be sure.

Certainly this points up how real are the accounts of the Scriptures. God pulls no punches regarding the real violence and terror of war. He is not interested in a sanitized version of this conquest. These are serious times and serious events are ensuing.

In the face of these terrifying events the account of Rahab offers a counterpoint of even more significance. The Reformation Study Bible observes:

The narrative does not say why they chose Rahab’s house. She is remembered in the New Testament as an ancestor of Christ (Matt. 1:5), and as an example of faith (Heb. 11:31) and good works (James 2:25).

[Rahab] will be spared from the coming judgment (6:22, 23) and find a place among the people of God (6:25). The chapter testifies to the grace of God in bringing such a woman to seek and find His mercy. The story of Rahab supplies an important perspective on the judgments of God that will occupy much of this book.

Whenever the cruelty, violence and terror of the world overwhelms us, it is a great blessing to have a reminder of the grace and faithfulness of God such as we see in the life of Rahab. In the end the grace of God is the only thing that soothes the troubled soul. May God be gloriously praised on account of his grace!


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